Issues of the Nation

Accreditation

In January 2010, the Government of India decided to withdraw Deemed university status from as many as 44 institutions. The Government claimed in its affidavit that academic considerations were not being kept in mind by the management of these institutions and that “they were being run as family fiefdoms” In February 2009, the University Grant Commission found 39 fake institutions operating in India

Employer training

Only 10% of manufacturers in India offer in-service training to their employees, compared with over 90% in China.

Teacher Careers

In the Indian education system, a teacher’s success is loosely defined. It is either based on a student’s success or based on the years of teaching experience, both of which do not necessarily correlate to a teacher’s skill set or competencies. The management of an institution could thereby be forced to promote teachers based on the grade level they teach or their seniority, both of which are often not an indicator of a good teacher. This means that either a primary school teacher is promoted to a higher grade, or a teacher is promoted to take up other roles within the institution such as Head of Department, coordinator, Vice Principal or Principal. However, the skills and competencies that are required for each of them vary and a great teacher may not be a great manager. Since teachers do not see their own growth and success in their own hands, they often do not take up any professional development. Thus, there is a need to identify a framework to help a teacher chart a career path based on his/her own competency and help him/her understand his/her own development.

Corruption in education

Corruption in Indian education system has been eroding the quality of education and has been creating long-term negative consequences for the society. Educational corruption in India is considered as one of the major contributors to domestic black money.

Grade inflation

Grade inflation has become an issue in Indian secondary education. In CBSE, a 95 per cent aggregate is 21 times as prevalent today as it was in 2004, and a 90 per cent close to nine times as prevalent. In the ISC Board, a 95 per cent is almost twice as prevalent today as it was in 2012. CBSE called a meeting of all 40 school boards early in 2017 to urge them to discontinue “artifical spiking of marks”.CBSE decided to lead by example and promised not to inflate its results. But although the 2017 results have seen a small correction, the board has clearly not discarded the practice completely. Almost 6.5 per cent of mathematics examinees in 2017 scored 95 or more — 10 times higher than in 2004 — and almost 6 per cent of physics examinees scored 95 or more, 35 times more than in 2004.

Facilities

  • As per 2016 Annual Survey of Education Report (ASER),
  • 3.5% schools in India had no toilet facility while only 68.7% schools had useable toilet facility.
  • 75.5% of the schools surveyed had library in 2016, a decrease from 78.1% in 2014.
  • Percentage of schools with separate girls toilet have increased from 32.9% in 2010 to 61.9%in 2016.
  • 4.1% schools had drinking water facility and 64.5% of the schools had playground.

Curriculum issues

Modern education in India is often criticised for being based on rote learning rather than problem solving. New Indian Express says that Indian Education system seems to be producing zombies since in most of the schools students seemed to be spending majority of their time in preparing for competitive exams rather than learning or playing. BusinessWeek criticises the Indian curriculum, saying it revolves around rote learning and ExpressI ndia suggests that students are focused on cramming Preschool for Child Rights states that almost 99% of pre-schools do not have any curriculum at all.